Presentation Title: Principle 2: Gun Violence Complexity and Disparity

Abstract: The second principle of the policy is that the complexity of gun violence, the intended and inadvertent effects of policies relevant to gun violence, and the important disparities in the impact of gun violence across groups and settings are central to understanding and reducing gun violence. Firearm violence disproportionately affects specific populations. Patterns of injury and death from firearms (homicide, suicide, intentional but criminal, and accidental injury and death) differ according to age, sex, race and ethnicity, geographic region, educational level, employment status, job and working conditions, income level, and social class. These disparities reflect a complex interaction of multiple risk factors, including differential access to resources that promote health and safety. Individual, community, and situational risk and protective factors for gun violence should be addressed in research to inform development and implementation of intervention and prevention strategies. Patterns of gun violence for perpetrators and victims vary widely across persons, circumstances, and sociocultural environments. The disproportionate effects of gun violence must be addressed in research, training, practice, and science-based advocacy, and in culturally appropriate ways that inform prevention and intervention strategies. Addressing illegal or unintended injuries and deaths from firearms will require multiple strategies designed to respond to diverse contexts, individuals, and communities to achieve the greatest effect.

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